In depth reading for Climate Change web portal.

Climate Modeling


National Academy of Sciences Primer on Climate Modeling


National Research Council. A National Strategy for Advancing Climate Modeling. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2012. Read Online



CMIP5 Project


IPCC, 2014: Summary for Policymakers. In: Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Part A: Global and Sectoral Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Field, C.B., V.R. Barros, D.J. Dokken, K.J. Mach, M.D. Mastrandrea, T.E. Bilir, M. Chatterjee, K.L. Ebi, Y.O. Estrada, R.C. Genova, B. Girma, E.S. Kissel, A.N. Levy, S. MacCracken, P.R. Mastrandrea, and L.L. White (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, pp. 1-32. PDF


Taylor, K.E., R.J. Stouffer, G.A. Meehl: 2012: An Overview of CMIP5 and the experiment design. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc.93, 485-498, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00094.1


van Vuuren, Detlef P., et al. 2011: The representative concentration pathways: an overview. Climate Change, 109, 1-2, pp. 5-31, doi: 10.1007/s10584-011-0148-z


WCRP Coupled Model Intercomparison Project – Phase 5: Special Issue of the CLIVAR Exchanges Newsletter, No. 56, Vol. 15, No. 2


CMIP5 Modeling centers and Models


Observed data sets

A. Becker, P. Finger, A. Meyer-Christoffer, B. Rudolf, K. Schamm, U. Schneider, and M. Ziese 2013: A description of the global land-surface precipitation data products of the Global Precipitation Climatology Centre with sample applications including centennial (trend) analysis from 1901-present
in Earth System Science Data, 5(1) pp.71-99. DOI: 10.5194/essd-5-71-2013 


Rayner, N.A., P.Brohan, D.E.Parker, C.K.Folland, J.J.Kennedy, M.Vanicek, T.Ansell and S.F.B.Tett 2006: Improved analyses of changes and uncertainties in sea surface temperature measured in situ since the mid-nineteenth century: the HadSST2 data set Journal of Climate. 19(3) pp. 446-469 (pdf ~17 Mb)


K. Matsuura and C. J. Willmott  2012: Terrestrial Air Temperature: 1900-2010 Gridded Monthly Time Series (pdf)


Additional Climate Visualization web sites


Climate Reanalyzer

Climate Wizard

National Climate Change Viewer

KNMI Climate Change Atlas

Climate Variability and Diagnostics Package