DOE Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program

Investigations of the Microphysical, Radiative, and Dynamical Properties of Mixed-Phase Clouds.
PI: Matthew Shupe (U. Colorado)

Project Abstract

Papers Under This Grant (2006 - Present)

  1. Shupe, M.D., S.Y. Matrosov, and T. Uttal, 2006: Arctic mixed-phase cloud properties derive from surface-based sensors at SHEBA. J. Atmos. Sci., 63, 697-711.
  2. Daniel, J.S. R.W. Portman, H.L. Miller, S. Solomon, A.L. Langford, C.E. Eubank, R. Schofield, D.D. Turner, and M.D. Shupe, 2006: Cloud property estimates from zenith spectral measurements of scattered sunlight between 0.9 and 1.7 um. J. Geophys. Res., 111, D16208, doi: 10.1029/2005JD006641.
  3. Comstock, J.M., R. d'Entremont, D. DeSlover, G.G. Mace, S.Y. Matrosov, S.A. McFarlane, P. Minnis, D. Mitchell, K. Sassen, M.D. Shupe, D.D. Turner, and Z. Wang, 2007: An intercomparison of microphysical retrieval algorithms for upper tropospheric ice clouds. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 88, 191-204.
  4. Verlinde, J., J.Y. Harrington, G.M. McFarquhar, V.T. Yannuzzi, A. Avramov, S. Greenberg, N. Johnson, G. Zhang, M.R. Poellot, J.H. Mather, D.D. Turner, E.W. Eloranta, B.D. Zak, A.J. Prenni, J.S. Daniel, G.L. Kok, D.C. Tobin, R. Holz, K. Sassen, D. Spangenberg, P. Minnis, T.P. Tooman, M.D. Ivey, S.J. Richardson, C.P. Bahrmann, M.D. Shupe, P.J. Demott, A.J. Heymsfield, and R. Schofield, 2007: The Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment (M-PACE). Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 88, 205-220.
  5. Schofield, R., J.S. Daniel, R.W. Portmann, H.L. Miller, S. Solomon, C. S. Eubank, M.L. Melamed, A.O. Langford, M.D. Shupe, and D.D. Turner, 2007: Retrieval of effective radius and liquid water path from ground-based instruments: A case study at Barrow, Alaska. J. Geophys. Res., 112, D21203, doi:10.1029/2007JD008737.
  6. Shupe, M.D., 2007: A ground-based multiple remote-sensor cloud phase classifier. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L22809, doi: 10.1029/2007GL031008.
  7. Shupe, M.D., P. Kollias, M. Poellot, and E. Eloranta, 2008: On deriving vertical air motions from cloud radar Doppler spectra. J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., 25, 547-557.
  8. Shupe, M.D., P. Kollias, P.O.G. Persson, and G.M. McFarquhar, 2008: Vertical motions in Arctic mixed-phase stratus. J. Atmos. Sci., 65, 1304-1322.
  9. Shupe, M.D., J.S. Daniel, G. De Boer, E.W. Eloranta, P. Kollias, E. Luke, C.N. Long, D.D. Turner, and J. Verlinde, 2008: A focus on mixed-phase clouds: The status of ground-based observational methods. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 87, 1549-1562.
  10. Klein, S.A. and Coauthors (including M.D. Shupe), 2009: Intercomparison of model simulations of mixed-phase clouds observed during the ARM Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment. Part I: Single layer cloud. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 135, 979-1002.
  11. Morrison, H. and Coauthors (including M.D. Shupe), 2009: Intercomparison of model simulations of mixed-phase clouds observed during the ARM Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment. Part II: Multi-layered cloud. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 135, 1003-1019.
  12. de Boer, G., E. W. Eloranta, and M.D. Shupe, 2009: Arctic mixed-phase stratiform cloud properties from multiple years of surface-based measruemetns at two high-latitude locations. J. Atmos. Sci., 66, 2874-2887.
  13. Solomon, A., H. Morrison, O. Persson, M.D. Shupe, and J.-W. Bao, 2009: Investigations of microphysical parameterizations of snow and ice in Arctic clouds during M-PACE through model-observation comparison. Mon. Wea. Rev., 137, 3110-3128.
  14. Luke, E., P. Kollias, and M.D. Shupe, 2010: Detection of supercooled liquid in mixed-phase clouds using radar Doppler spectra. J. Geophys. Res., 115, D19201, doi:10.1029/2009JD012884.
  15. Dong, X., B. Xi, K. Crosby, C.N. Long, R.S. Stone, and M.D. Shupe, 2010: A 10-year climatology of Arctic cloud fraction and radiative forcign at Barrow, Alaska. J. Geophys. Res., 115, D17212, doi: 10.1029/2009JD013489.
  16. de Boer, G., H. Morrison, M. D. Shupe, and R. Hildner, 2011: Evidence of liquid dependent ice nucleation in high-latitude stratiform clouds from surface remote sensors. Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L01803, doi:10.1029/2010GL046016.
  17. McFarquhar, G.M, and Coauthors (including M.D. Shupe), 2011: Indirect and Semi-Direct Aerosol Campaign (ISDAC): The impact of Arctic aerosols on clouds. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 92, 183-201.
  18. Shupe, M.D., V.P. Walden, E. Eloranta, T. Uttal, J.R. Campbell, S.M. Starkweather, and M. Shiobara, 2011: Clouds at Arctic Atmospheric Observatories, Part I: Occurrence and macrophysical properties. J. Appl. Meteor. Clim., 50, 626-644.
  19. Shupe, M.D., 2011: Clouds at Arctic Atmospheric Observatories, Part II: Thermodynamic phase characteristics. J. Appl. Meteor. Clim., 50, 645-661.
  20. Lance, S., M. D. Shupe, G. Feingold, C. A. Brock, J. Cozic, J. S. Holloway, R. H. Moore, A. Nenes, J. P. Schwarz, J. R. Spackman, K. D. Froyd, D. M. Murphy, J. Brioude, O. R. Cooper, A. Stohl, and J. F. Burkhart, 2011: CCN as a modulator of ice processes in Arctic mixed-phase clouds. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 8003-8015, doi:10.5194/acp-11-8003-2011.
  21. Solomon, A., M. D. Shupe, P.O.G. Persson, and H. Morrison, 2011: Moisture and dynamical interactions maintaining decoupled Arctic mixed-phase stratocumulus in the presence of a humidity inversion. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 10127-10148.
  22. Morrison, H., G. de Boer, G. Feingold, J. Harrington, M. D. Shupe, and K. Sulia, 2012: Resilience of persistent Arctic mixed-phase clouds. Nature Geoscience, 5, 11-17, doi: 10.1038/NGE01332.
  23. Fridlind, A. M., B. van Diedenhoven, A. S. Ackerman, A. Avramov, A. Mrowiec, H. Morrison, P. Zuidema, and M. D. Shupe, 2012: A FIRE-ACE/SHEBA case study of mixed-phase Arctic boundary-layer clouds: Entrainment rate limitations on rapid primary ice nucleation processes. J. Atmos. Sci., 69, 365-389.
  24. Sedlar, J., M. D. Shupe, and M. Tjernstrom, 2012: On the relationship between thermodynamic structure, cloud top, and climate significance in the Arctic. J. Climate, 25, 2374-2393.
  25. de Boer, G., W. Chapman, J. Kay, B. Medeiros, M.D. Shupe, S. Vavrus, and J. Walsh, 2012: A characterization of the present-day Arctic Atmosphere in CCSM4. J. Climate, 25, 2676-2695.
  26. Birch, C. E., I. M. Brooks, M. Tjernstrom, M. D. Shupe, T. Mauritsen, J. Sedlar, A. P. Lock, P. Earnshaw, P.O.G. Persson, S.F. Milton, and C. Leck, 2012: Modelling atmospheric structure, cloud and their response to CCN in the Central Arctic: ASCOS case studies. , Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 3419-3435.
  27. Matrosov, S. Y., G. G. Mace, R. Marchand, M. D. Shupe, A. G. Haller, and I. B. McCubbin, 2012: Influence of ice hydrometeor habits on scanning polarimetric cloud radar measurements. J. Atmos. Oceanic. Technol, 29, 989-1008, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-11-00131.1.
  28. Zhao, C., S. Xie, S. A. Klein, A. Protat, M. D. Shupe, S. A. McFarlane, J. Comstock, J. Delenoe, M. Deng, M. Dunn, R. Hogan, D. Huang, M. P. Jensen, G. G. Mace, R. McCoy, E. J. O’Connor, D. D. Turner, and Z. Wang, 2012: Towards understanding of differences in current cloud retrievals of ARM ground-based measurements. J. Geophys. Res., 117,D10206,doi:10.1029/2011JD016792.
  29. Shupe, M. D., I. Brooks, and G.Canut, 2012: Evaluation of turbulent dissipation rate retrievals from Doppler cloud radar. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 5, 1375-1385, doi:10.5194/amt-5-1375-2012.
  30. Marchand, R., G. G. Mace, A. G. Hallar, I. B. McCubbin, S. Y. Matrosov, and M. D. Shupe, 2013: Enhanced radar backscattering due to oriented ice particles at 95-GHz during StormVex. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 30, 2336-2351.
  31. Shupe, M. D., P. O. G. Persson, I. M. Brooks, M. Tjernstrom, J. Sedlar, T. Mauritsen, S. Sjogren, and C. Leck, 2013: Cloud and boundary layer interactions over the Arctic sea ice in late summer. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 9379-9400.
  32. Solomon, A. S., M. D. Shupe, P. O. G. Persson, H. Morrison, T. Yamaguchi, P. M. Caldwell, and G. de Boer, 2014: The sensitivity of springtime Arctic mixed-phase stratocumulus clouds to surface layer and cloud-top inversion layer moisture. J. Atmos. Sci., 71, 574-595. Doi:10.1175/JAS-D-13-0179.1.
  33. de Boer, G., M. D. Shupe, P. M. Caldwall, S. E. Bauer, O. Persson, J. S. Boyle, M. Kelley, S. A. Klein, and M. Tjernström, 2014: Near-surface meteorology during the Arctic Surface Cloud Ocean Study (ASCOS): Evaluation of reanalyses and global climate models. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 427-445, doi:10.5194/acp-14-427-2014.
  34. Ovchinnikov, M., and Coauthors (including M. D. Shupe), 2014: Intercomparison of large-eddy simulations of Arctic mixed-phase clouds: Importance of ice size distribution assumptions. J. Adv. Model. Earth Systems, 6, 223-248, doi:10.1002/2013MC000282.
  35. Sedlar, J. and M. D. Shupe, 2014: Characteristic nature of vertical motions observed in Arctic mixed-phase stratocumulus. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 3461-3478, doi:10.5194/acp-14-3461-2014.
  36. Cox, C. J., D. D. Turner, P. M. Rowe, M. D. Shupe, and V. P. Walden, 2014: Cloud microphysical properties retrievd from downwelling infrared radiance measurements made at Eureka, Nunavut, Candada (2006-2009). J. Appl. Meteor. Clim., 53, 772-791, doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-13-0113.1.
  37. Intrieri, J. M., G. de Boer, M. D. Shupe, J. R. Spackman, J. Wang, P. J. Neiman, G. A. Wick, T. Hock, and R. E. Hood, 2014: Global Hawk dropsonde observations of the Arctic atmosphere during the Winter Storms and Pacific Atmospheric Rivers (WISPAR) field campaign. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 3917-3926, doi:10.5194/amt-7-3917-2014.
  38. Sotiropoulou, G., J. Sedlar, M. Tjernström, M. D. Shupe, I. M. Brooks, and P. O. G. Persson, 2014: The thermodynamic structure of summer Arctic stratocumulus and the dynamic coupling to the surface. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 12573-12592, doi:10.5194/acp-14-12573-2014.
  39. Shupe, M. D., D. D. Turner, A. Zwink, M. M. Theiman, M. J. Mlawer, and T. R. Shippert, 2015: Deriving Arctic cloud microphysics at Barrow: Algorithms, results, and radiative closure. J. Appl. Meteor. Clim., 54, 1675-1689, doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-15-0054.1.
  40. Shupe, M. D., M. Tjernström, and P. O. G. Persson, 2015: Challenge of Arctic clouds and their implications for surface radiation [in "State of the Climate in 2014"], Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 96(7), S130-S131.
  41. Solomon, A., G. Feingold, and M. D. Shupe, 2015: The role of ice nuclei recycling in the maintenance of cloud ice in Arctic mixed-phase stratocumulus. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 10631-10643, doi:10.5194/acp-15-10631-2015.
  42. Dorsi, S. W., M. D. Shupe, P. O. G. Persson, D. E. Kingsmill, and L. M. Avallone, 2015: Phase-specific characteristics of wintertime clouds across a mid-latitude mountain range. Mon. Wea. Rev., 143, 4181-4197, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-15-0135.1.
  43. Cox, C. J., V. P. Walden, P. M. Rowe, and M. D. Shupe, 2015: Humidity trends imply increased sensitivity to clouds in a warming Arctic. Nature Communications, 6:10117, doi:10.1038/ncomms10117.
  44. Kingsmill, D. E., P. O. G. Persson, S. Haimov, and M. D. Shupe, 2015: Mountain waves and orographic precipitation in a northern Colorado winter storm. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 142, 836-853, doi:10.1002/qj.2685.
  45. Shupe, M. D., J. M. Comstock, D. D. Turner, and G. G. Mace, 2016: Cloud property retrievals in the ARM Program. In the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program: The First 20 Years, Meteor. Monograph, 57, American Meteorological Society, 19.1-19.20, doi:10.1175/AMSMONOGRAPHS-D-15-0030.1.
  46. Verlinde, J., B. D. Zak, M. D. Shupe, M. D. Ivey, and K. Stamnes, 2016: The North Slope of Alaska (NSA) sites. In the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program: The First 20 Years, Meteor. Monograph, 8.1-8.13, doi:10.1175/AMSMONOGRAPHS-D-15-0023.1.
  47. Uttal, T., and Coauthors (including M. D. Shupe), 2016: International Arctic Systems for Observing the Atmosphere (IASOA): An International Polar Year legacy consortium. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 97, 1033-1056, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00145.1.
  48. Cox, C. J., T. Uttal, C. Long, M. D. Shupe, R. S. Stone, and S. Starkweather, 2016: The role of springtime, Arctic clouds in determining autumn sea ice extent. J. Climate, 29, 6581-6596, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0136.1.
  49. Sotiropoulou, G., M. Tjernstrom, J. Sedlar, P. Achtert, B. J. Brooks, I. M. Brooks, P. O. G. Persson, J. Prytherch, D. J. Salisbury, M. D. Shupe, P. E. Johnston, and D. Wolfe, 2016: Atmospheric conditions during the Arctic Clouds in Summer Experiment (ACSE): Contrasting open-water and sea-ice surfaces during melt and freeze-up seasons. J. Climate, 29, 8721-8744, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0211.1.
  50. Kalesse, H., G. de Boer, A. Solomon, M. Oue, M. Ahlgrimm, D. Zhang, M. D. Shupe, E. Luke, and A. Protat, 2016: Understanding rapid changes in phase partitioning between cloud liquid and ice in stratiform mixed-phase clouds: An Arctic case study. Mon. Wea. Rev., 144, 4805-4826. doi:10.1175/MWR-D-16-0155.1.
  51. Persson, P.O.G., M. D. Shupe, D. Perovich, and A. Solomon, 2017: Linking atmospheric synoptic transport, cloud phase, surface energy fluxes, and sea-ice growth: Observations of midwinter SHEBA conditions. Clim. Dyn., 49, 1341-1364, doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3383-1.
  52. Liu, Y., M. D. Shupe, Z. Wang, and G. G. Mace, 2017: Cloud vertical distribution from combined surface and space radar/lidar observations at two Arctic atmospheric observatories. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 17, 5973-5989, doi: 10.5194/acp-17-5973-2017.
  53. Brooks, I. M., M. Tjernstrom, P. O. G. Persson, M. D. Shupe, R. A. Atkinson, G. Canut, C. E. Birch, T. Mauritsen, J. Sedlar, and B. J. Brooks, 2017: The turbulent structure of the Arctic summer boundary layer during ASCOS. J. Geophys Res., 122, 9685-9704, doi:10.1002/2017JD027234.
  54. Turner, D. D., M. D. Shupe, and A. B. Zwink, 2018: Characteristic atmospheric radiative heating rate profiles in Arctic clouds as observed at Barrow, Alaska. J. Appl. Meteor. Clim., 57, 953-968, doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-17-0252.1.
  55. *Norgren, M. S., G. de Boer, and M. D. Shupe, 2018: Observed aerosol suppression of cloud ice in low-level Arctic mixed-phase clouds. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 13345-13361, doi:10.5194/acp-18-13345-2018.
  56. Tjernstrom, M., M. D. Shupe, I. M. Brooks, P. Achtert, J. Prytherch, and J. Sedlar, 2018: Arctic summer air-mass transformation, surface inversions, and the surface energy budget. J. Climate, submitted.
  57. Pithan, F., G. Svensson, R. Caballero, D. Chechin, T. W. Cronin, A. Ekman, R. Neggers, M. D. Shupe, A. Solomon, M. Tjernstrom, and M. Wendisch, 2018: Warm in, cold out: Air-mass transformations connect the Arctic and mid-latitudes. Nature Geosciences, submitted.

Presentations and Posters

  1. Extended Abstract: 2005 ARM Science Team Meeting
    Arctic Mixed-Phase Cloud Properties Derived from Surface-Based Sensors.
  2. Poster: 2005 ARM Science Team Meeting
    Arctic Mixed-phase Cloud Properties Derived from Surface-Based Sensors.
  3. Poster: 2006 ARM Science Team Meeting
    Towards a Characterization of Arctic Mixed-Phase Clouds.
  4. Presentation: 2007 ARM Science Team Meeting
    Vertical Motion and Microphysics in Arctic Mixed-Phase Stratus.
  5. Poster: 2007 ARM Science Team Meeting
    Vertical Motions in Arctic Mixed-Phase Stratus.
  6. Poster: 2008 ARM Science Team Meeting
    An Evaluation of Cloud Microphysics and Radiation Calculations at the NSA.
  7. Poster: 2009 ARM Science Team Meeting
    A Comparison of Spring and Fall Arctic Mixed-Phase Clouds.
  8. Poster: 2010 ARM Science Team Meeting
    Observing Mixed-Phase Cloud Microphysical-Dynamical Processes.
  9. Poster: 2011 ASR Science Team Meeting
    Dynamical and Microphysical Characteristics and Interactiosn in Arctic Mixed-Phase Clouds.
  10. Poster: 2012 ASR Science Team Meeting
    Turbulence Profiles and Cloud-Surface Coupling in Arctic Stratiform Clouds.

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