GHCN_CAMS Gridded 2m Temperature (Land)

Note: CPC has updated their version of the dataset, including eliminating Antarctica temperature. Our version has been updated. Please redownload the file if you have acquired it before Oct 14, 2015.

Brief Description:

  • GHCN CAMS is a high resolution (0.5x0.5) analyzed global land surface temperatures from 1948 to near present.

Temporal Coverage:

  • Monthly means from 1948 to Apr 2022 .
  • Long term monthly means using 1981-2010.

Spatial Coverage:

  • 0.5 degree latitude x 0.5 degree longitude global grid (360x720).
  • 89.75S - 89.75N, 0.25E - 359.75E.


  • Surface

Update Schedule:

  • Monthly

Download/Plot Data: (FTP Access)

Archive parameters: File names are composed of variable abbreviations and statistic name:


Variable Statistic Level Download File Create Plot/Subset
Temperature Mean Surface plot
Temperature Long Term Mean Surface plot

Usage Restrictions:

  • None.

Detailed Description:

  • See the NCDC's GHCN_CAMS ftp page. According to the journal article on the dataset: A global monthly land surface temperature analysis for 1948-present.
    "This data set is different from some existing surface airtemperature data sets in: (1) using a combination of two large individual data sets of station observations collected from the Global Historical Climatology Network version 2 and the Climate Anomaly Monitoring System (GHCN + CAMS), so it can be regularly updated in near real time with plenty of stations and (2) some unique interpolation methods, such as the anomaly interpolation approach with spatially-temporally varying temperature lapse rates derived from the observation-based Reanalysis for topographic adjustment.".

    Also see the webpage for plots (total, monthly, percentile) and links to related datasets.
  • Related Datasets at PSL


  • None.

Related File Naming & Structure Information:

File Names: (get via ftp at

  •   (In directory: /Datasets/ghcncams/)
  •   (In directory: /Datasets/ghcncams/Derived)

Dataset Format and Size:

  • PSL standard NetCDF: ~403 Mbyte file size.
  • PSL standard NetCDF: 187 Mbyte file size LTM.

Missing Data:

  • -9.96921e+36f



FGDC metadata:

Original Source:


  • Physical Sciences Laboratory: Data Management
    325 Broadway
    Boulder, CO 80305-3328