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North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO)

The NAO is traditionally defined as the normalized pressure difference between a station on the Azores and one on Iceland. An extended version of the index can be derived for the winter half of the year by using a station in the southwestern part of the Iberian Peninsula (Hurrell, 1995). Here we give data for SW Iceland (Reykjavik), Gibraltar and Ponta Delgada (Azores). The NAO calculated from Gibraltar and SW Iceland is also given (Jones et al., 1997).

Time Interval: Monthly
Time Coverage: 1821 to Jul 2021
Update Status: Updated in near real time

Get Data:

NAO: Standard PSL Format (What is standard format?)
NAO: Original Format

Data is from CRU via the page with updates at

[ SOI | NAO | Rec NAO | AO | AO 20thCR | PDO | NP | TPI | Iceland P | Azores P | Gilbralter P | Nagasaki P | Madras P ]
[ Niño1+2 | Niño3 | Niño3.4 | Niño 4 | AMO | Global T stations | Global T+SST (NASA) | Global T+SST (CRU) | Sunspots ]

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Updated: Apr 23, 2013 15:59:07 MDT
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