NOAA/NCEI U.S. Climate Division Data: How to Reference Datasets and Plots


You can use the plots produced from this page in publications or presentations. We ask that you acknowledge the NOAA/ESRL Physical Sciences Laboratory in the publication. For example,

"Image provided by the NOAA/ESRL Physical Sciences Laboratory, Boulder Colorado from their web site at".

You should also reference the NCEI Climate Division Dataset directly.

  • (New) Vose, R.S., Applequist, S., Durre, I., Menne, M.J., Williams, C.N., Fenimore, C., Gleason, K., Arndt, D. 2014: Improved Historical Temperature and Precipitation Time Series For U.S. Climate Divisions Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology. DOI:
  • (old) NCDC, 1994, Time Bias Corrected Divisional Temperature-Precipitation-Drought Index. Documentation for dataset TD-9640. Available from DBMB, NCDC, NOAA, Federal Building, 37 Battery Park Ave. Asheville, NC 28801-2733. 12pp.